Skip to main content


Alcohol is a sedative and hypnotic drug.  It depresses the central nervous system at high doses. At lower doses, alcohol can act as a stimulant, inducing feelings of talkativeness and euphoria, but drinking too much alcohol leads to drowsiness, respiratory depression, coma, or even death.

It affects every organ in the body depending on the blood alcohol concentration and the type of spirit drunk.

Alcohol is high in kilojoules,  leads to weight gain, and lacks nutrients. It harms your health. Even small amounts of alcohol are associated with an increased risk of some cancers. Too much alcohol may also damage the liver and brain and increase the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease.

woman drinking alcohol alone

Women drinking alcohol alone

A drink equals one 12-ounce bottle, one glass of wine (5 ounces), or one shot of 1.5 ounces of liquor.

Having more than four drinks in a day , or more than 14 per week,  is considered heavy drinking. It forces the kidneys of heavy drinkers to work harder. Heavy drinking regularly has been found to double the risk of kidney disease.

Binge drinking is when you drink a lot of alcohol in one go or in a short space of time to get drunk quickly. Most people binge drink to fit in with friends, for fun on a night out, to feel relaxed or to forget their problems.

Binge-drinking five or more drinks within a couple of hours can raise a person’s blood alcohol to dangerous levels.  When this happens, dialysis is needed until a person’s kidney function returns to normal. Acute kidney injury usually goes away in time, but in some cases, it can lead to lasting kidney damage.

Close Menu