People with schizophrenia can lose contact with reality (psychosis), suffer hallucinations, delusions (false beliefs), have abnormal thoughts, be impaired socially and have their work negatively impacted.
Where does the word Schizophrenia come from?
Etymologically it means "split mind." The term was meant to underline the alterations in the thought process presented by the people who suffer from it.
Currently Schizophrenic symptoms are divided into two large groups:
The overt symptoms of schizophrenia consist of those abnormal manifestations that patients experience, such as seeing things that do not exist (hallucinations) or thinking that things that are not true (delusions) occur.
Other Symptoms of Schizophrenia
The main problem related to the symptoms of this pathology is that the majority are subjective, that is, only the patient experiences them, so they cannot be verified. The second is that schizophrenia is a disease that presents many and varied manifestations but none are specific to it, however may also be present in other mental disorders.
The most characteristic symptoms of this disease are:
Delusions: Misconceptions that the patient is convinced of. For example, to believe that everyone is against him or or are trying to harm himher.
Hallucinations: Perceive something that does not exist. For example, hearing voices (insults or talking behind one's back), or seeing objects or faces that are not there.
Schizophrenia can be treated. A client that follows the treatment prescribed by our mental health specialists can expect to see a significant reduction in symptoms and special attention for reintegration to society.
A psychiatrist makes the diagnosis based on an evaluation of the person's history and their symptomatology.
To establish the diagnosis of schizophrenia, the symptoms must last for at least six months and be associated with significant impairment of work, studies or social development. Information from family, friends or teachers is important to establish when the disease began.
The doctor should rule out the possibility that the patient's psychotic symptoms are caused by an affective disorder. Laboratory tests are often performed to rule out an underlying endocrine or neurological disorder that may have some characteristics of psychosis. Examples of these types of disorders are brain tumors, temporal lobe epilepsy, autoimmune diseases, Huntington's disease, liver diseases and adverse drug reactions.
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